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Chronic respiratory disease is a slow spreading contagious disease in birds with hacking cough, sneezing and tracheal rales.

Etiology: Mycoplasma gallisepticum

Susceptible hosts: predominantly in chickens and turkeys.

Mode of transmission:

a) aerosol: droplet infection or inhalation. Nasal discharges. Wind borne transmission.

b) Contact: bird to bird transmission. Known as horizontal transmission.

c) Eggs: vertical transmission through infected eggs.


-Tracheal rales

– Sneezing

– Respiratory distress

-open beak breathing


-nasal discharge

-young birds- conjuctivitis with lachrymation

-about 40% reduction in egg production

-Signs of ataxia and lameness with enlargement of hock joint – some birds

Homoeopathic management:

Antimonium tartaricum: great rattling of mucus. Rapid, short, difficult breathing; seems as if he could suffocate. Coughing and gaping consecutively.

Belladonna: tickling, short, dry cough; worse at night. Respiration oppressed, quick, unequal. Barking cough. High piping voice. Moaning at every birth.

Arsenicum album: air passages constricted. Cough worse after midnight. Suffocative catarrh. Wheezing respiration.

Argentum nitricum: suffocative cough. Dyspnoea. Rawness, soreness, high up in trachea agg. coughing.

Sulphur: difficult respiration. Irregular breathing. Cough violent, in two or three incomplete bouts. Much rattling of mucus and heat in chest, agg 11 am.

Dr. Keerthi MS
BHMS Consultant

Curewell Homoeo Pharmacy Pvt Ltd.
Aluva, Ernakulam, Kerala, India.

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